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Approved-By: The Combat Zone
Date: Sat, 4 Oct 1997 08:35:20 -0400
Sender: The Golem's PNEWS CONFERENCE
From: Doron Tal
If it were April Fools, I would not believe it.
Yes, the inevitable end of the INS - "a never never land" -
and the agency of
pimps panders should be abolished asap. ;-)
------------- forwarded information [snipped] -------------------
MIGRATION NEWS Vol. 4, No. 9 September, 1997
CIR: Split up INS
The US Commission on Immigration Reform, in its fourth and final report to be released in September 1997, will recommend that the Immigration and Naturalization Service be abolished. Under the CIR's recommendations:
The CIR said that the US immigration system has four main components: border and interior enforcement, benefits and visas, workplace labor standards and an appeals process. Under the CIR's restructuring proposal, enforcement would remain at Justice in a Bureau of Immigration Enforcement.
An Undersecretariat for Citizenship, Immigration and Refugee Admissions would be established in the State Department to assume all responsibilities for immigrant benefits, from issuing tourist visas to handling naturalization requests. Labor certification would be replaced by an employer-paid fee for the right to employ foreigners.
The CIR considered and rejected the option of adding more duties to an INS that would be independent, analogous to the Environmental Protection Agency.
The CIR report, "Structuring, Organizing and Managing an Effective Immigration System," was well received in Congress, but was opposed by the INS, which argued that "enforcement and service are complementary." However, INS Commissioner Meissner is recommending that the INS undergo a major reorganization. The House Appropriations Committee in July ordered Attorney General Janet Reno to review the CIR's report and to "develop a restructuring plan" by April 1, 1998.
The 156-year old INS has seen its budget increase fivefold and its staff double over the last decade.
Refugees. The CIR in June 1997 released its third report, which included recommendations on refugees. The CIR urged Congress to give priority for admission as refugees persons who satisfy the 1951 UN definition of refugee, which looks for persecution of individuals by governments because of their race, religion, membership in a particular social group or political opinion, and are: (1) in urgent need of rescue and, (2) are immediate relatives of US citizens, followed by persons needing protection because of special ties to the US government, refugees with US relatives and refugees unlikely to be able to return home.
In August 1997, the Clinton administration announced that it plans to maintain refugee admissions at 78,000 in FY98, the same as FY97. About one-third of the refugee admissions in 1998 are expected to be Bosnians. There were 132,000 refugees admitted in FY92.
The Senate Immigration Subcommittee on July 1997 approved a one-year
extension of the Lautenberg Amendment, which permits "historically
persecuted groups," including Jews and evangelical Christians in the
former Soviet Union, to enter the US by showing a "credible basis
for concern" about the potential for persecution, a lower standard
than the normal refugee requirement to show a "well-founded fear of
persecution." The Department of State in July released a major report
on the persecution of Christians around the world, available at:
William Branigin, "Bipartisan Commission to Recommend End of INS, Dispersal of its Functions," Washington Post, August 6, 1997. Eric Schmitt, "Breakup of Immigration Service Urged by Advisory Panel," New York Times, August 5, 1997. "White House to 'Seriously Consider' Report on INS," Wall Street Journal, August 5, 1997.
Editor: Philip Martin
Managing Editor: Cecily Sprouse
Department of Agricultural Economics,
University of California, Davis
Davis CA 95616
Tel (916) 752-1530
Fax: (916) 752-5614
Home Page: http://migration.ucdavis.edu
|In March 1998, the INS unveiled a reorganization plan that would split the INS into separate enforcement and benefits sub-agencies. Under the proposed reorganization, the INS would have three parts: one for enforcement, one for benefits, and a support services unit that would provide databases and technology to both benefits and enforcement agencies.|
In May , INS Commissioner Doris Meissner opposed a Republican proposal to divide up the agency, arguing that taking the agency apart "will only divide the problems, not solve them." The Clinton administration has proposed to separate the INS mission of enforcing federal immigration laws and from its function of granting benefits such as citizenship, but would keep the 29,000-person agency intact. Rep. Harold Rogers (R-KY) has proposed that current INS duties be divided among federal agencies as recommended in 1997 by the Commission on Immigration Reform.
|Stricter anti-immigrant laws and increased enforcement have had little impact on the flow of undocumented immigrants into the US, according to several analysts, and may even increase the number of undocumented workers staying in the US at any given time. "Even though immigration laws were overhauled twice in 10 years and the size of the Border Patrol and the INS budget doubled in five, the number of resident foreigners without legal papers--so- called undocumented foreigners--continues to grow," according to Marcus Stern, a reporter who covers immigration and border issues for the Copley News Service. "It is now about 5.5 million and increasing by some 275,000 people a year, according to the INS. Another 2 million of them constantly rotate in and out of the country doing seasonal work."|
In February 1999, Government Executive Magazine issued grades for the performance of fifteen federal agencies. The Social Security Administration received the highest grade, an "A", while the INS came in dead last with a "C-". INS's received the following grades: for Financial Management, a "D"; for Human Resources, a "D"; for Information Technology, a "C"; for Capital Management, a "C"; and for Managing for Results, a "C".
This should not surprise as on January 15, 1999, the fee for a naturalization application rose from $95 to $225 plus an additional $25 for INS fingerprinting. The average waiting time for a naturalization interview has risen threefold during the last two years, while the number of new citizenship applications fell significantly. With huge budget and over 30,000 employees on the payroll, INS has simply failed to perform.
Lamar Smith (R-TX) and his colleagues have recently charged that INS was failing in meeting its enforcement responsibilities. Immigrants and their advocates are increasingly frustrated as processing times for naturalization, adjustment of status, and nearly every other type of application have been stalled. Justice Department's Inspector General, Michael Bromwich, said: "Most, if not all, of these problems originated years and years ago, and are regrettably the product of substantial neglect over time by INS top management, by Justice Department top management and, frankly, by the Congress, as well."
Comments to: Doron Tal email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org
Copyleft1997-9 Doron A. Tal - anyhow my rights were lost... ... דורון טל - זכויותי ממילא אבודות